The DNA profile of the Stewarts
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The DNA of the Stewarts
The Stewarts are an important royal line in the history of Scotland and England. Originally from Brittany in France, the name "Stewart" means "steward" or "bailiff" in Scottish Gaelic. This designation indicates the family's original role as stewards of Scottish kings.
In the 12th century, Walter FitzAlan, the forefather of the Stewarts and a Breton nobleman, was appointed the first "High Steward of Scotland." The title became hereditary and the family eventually adopted the surname "Stewart". The family's powerful position grew over the centuries until they finally ascended the Scottish throne. Robert II of Scotland, the grandson of Walter Stewart, the 6th High Steward of Scotland, and Marjorie Bruce, daughter of Robert the Bruce, became the first Stewart king on the Scottish throne in 1371.
The kings and queens of the Stewarts ruled Scotland and England through the 14th to 17th centuries, interrupted by the reign of Oliver Cromwell. The most famous monarchs from the House of Stewart are probably Mary Stuart (known as Mary, Queen of Scots) and her son James VI of Scotland, who later also became James I of England, uniting the thrones of the two countries.
Due to the turbulent history of the Stewarts, their genealogical line has led to much speculation. Debatable points include the legitimacy of some inheritances and the exact lineage of some branches of the family. However, the science of genetics has shed light on some dark corners of the Stewart story. Genealogical DNA testing helps identify specific gene patterns or "haplogroups" within the Stewart family.
A haplogroup is a group of alleles or gene variants inherited together from a single ancestor. It allows researchers to identify historical patterns of human dispersal and movement. A significant haplogroup known as "R1b" has been identified in the Stewart lineage.
The R1b haplogroup is the most widespread haplogroup in western Europe, particularly in the coastal areas that were inhabited by Celtic tribes. It is also the dominant haplogroup in Scotland and Ireland, confirming the origin of the Stewarts as a Celtic lineage.
While the Stewarts branched out in many ways, spreading across Scotland, England and beyond, the link to their Celtic past, as evidenced by this haplogroup, remains a central factor in their heritage. At the same time, detailed genetic studies revealed that there is remarkable diversity in individual haplotypes among the Stewarts. This indicates a number of different male ancestors within the lineage and is evidence of their diverse pedigree history.
The Stewarts' history is a multifaceted mosaic shaped by royal intrigue, wars and romances, but genetics has revealed a deep connection to their Celtic roots. At the same time, it has revealed that the Stewarts, despite the widespread R1b haplogroup, have remarkable genetic diversity. Continued study of the Stewarts' genetic lineage is likely to reveal other interesting aspects of their rich and complex heritage.
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Questions and answers about the DNA test
After we have received the samples it normally takes 6-8 weeks for the fist results. Depending on the chosen test the result is thus already fully ready or further analysis are done.
If you order and pay for a test set for somebody else online, the address of the other person under “Comments”. We will then send the collection kit to the address of this person. You can also place your order by phone or e-mail.
This is how the DNA origin analysis works
A Mucus Sample suffices to get a sample of your DNA. Taking the sample is simple and painless and can be done at home. Send the samples with the envelop included in the sampling kit.