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The DNA profile of Nicolaus Copernicus

Are you related to the famous astronomer?

Discover a possible family connection to the famous astronomer and compare yourself to many other famous people as well!

The DNA of an astronomer

Nicolaus Copernicus, known as the founder of modern astronomy, was born in 1473 in Thorn, Poland, into a wealthy merchant family. His father, Nicolaus Copernicus, was a wealthy copper merchant, while his mother, Barbara Watzenrode, came from a distinguished family of the urban elite. Copernicus lost his father at the age of ten and was under the guardianship of his uncle, Luke Watzenrode, a bishop and later prince-bishop of Warmia.

Scientifically, Copernicus' work led to a revolutionary shift in the previously understood worldview. He was the first to postulate that the Earth was not at the center of the universe, but that it orbited the Sun - a theory known today as the heliocentric model. This model challenged the then-prevailing Ptolemaic geocentricity, which held that the Earth was the center of the universe. It was not until about a century after Copernicus' death that his theory was accepted by the Church and the scientific community.

Copernicus was also an extensively educated man who began his studies in Krakow before continuing his education in Italy, studying canon law, astronomy and medicine at universities in Bologna and Padua. In addition to his groundbreaking work in astronomy, Copernicus was also a physician, lawyer, economist and clergyman.

Regarding his genealogy and haplogroup, there has been an unprecedented scientific investigation to determine this. In 2005, Polish scientists conducted an investigation of the Frombork Cathedral Church where Copernicus was supposed to be buried. They found remains that probably belonged to Copernicus, and confirmed this by comparing DNA from hair and teeth of the remains with DNA samples from two tufts of hair found in a book that belonged to Copernicus. Copernicus' haplogroup was determined to be R1b, the largest haplogroup in Western Europe, affecting about 50% of males in Western Europe.

Copernicus' work was groundbreaking and revolutionary. The adoption of his theories led to dramatic changes in the sciences and resulted in the Scientific Revolution, a term used to refer to the period from about the 16th to the 18th century when concepts in mathematics, physics, astronomy, biology, and chemistry were fundamentally changed and developed. He was instrumental in paving the way for modern scientific methods and emphasizing the role of observation and experimentation in scientific research.

Copernicus' life was varied and testimonial. His genealogy, including his haplogroup R1b, is a fascinating area for researchers and adds another dimension to his rich and complex heritage. Nicolaus Copernicus is undoubtedly a towering figure in the history of science whose discoveries and theories fundamentally changed human perception of the universe. His heliocentric model became the foundation of modern astronomy and his impact on the scientific community and humanity in general cannot be overestimated.

Nicolaus Copernicus belonged to haplogroup R-M343 in his paternal line and to haplogroup H (subgroup H27) in his maternal line.

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Questions and answers about the DNA test

How long does a DNA origin analysis take?

After we have received the samples it normally takes 6-8 weeks for the fist results. Depending on the chosen test the result is thus already fully ready or further analysis are done.

How can I order a DNA origin analysis for someone else?

If you order and pay for a test set for somebody else online, the address of the other person under “Comments”. We will then send the collection kit to the address of this person. You can also place your order by phone or e-mail.

This is how the DNA origin analysis works

A Mucus Sample suffices to get a sample of your DNA. Taking the sample is simple and painless and can be done at home. Send the samples with the envelop included in the sampling kit.

Order test kit:

by telephone, e-mail or on the website

Get test kit:

delivery takes a few days

Take samples:

at home, simple and painless

Send in samples:

with the enclosed envelope


online after approx. 6 - 8 weeks

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